we think about southern Ontario ecosystems the ones that most often
spring to mind are our wonderful forests. We are very fortunate
to have a type of forest rarely found in Ontario right here in the
Hamilton area: Carolinian forest.
are defined as areas dominated by trees and usually also having
understory vegetation, where the amount of understory vegetation
decreases with the maturity of the tree canopy.
'understorey', is the layer of plant life that grows
underneath the trees above.
Photo by Alan Ernst.
to ninety percent of the land in southern Ontario was once covered
by forest; eighty percent of this is gone because of land clearing
for agriculture and human habitation.